Hubble Telescope Space (HST)
It can detected clear images of faint objects in space
because it above the Earth’s atmosphere.
- without interference from the Earth’s atmosphere, nothing to stop them studying the Universe, space telescopes are launched as satellites.
- first space telescope was X-ray astronomy mission – Uhuru, sent up in 1970.
Various Space Telescopes
They are studying all the different forms of radiation that make up the electromagnetic spectrum.
- COBE / WMAP / Planck (diagram)
All picked up microwave radiation that was left over from the Big Bang.
(more information: COBE / WMAP / Planck)
- ISO / Spitzer observatories
Both studied the infrared region of the spectrum; radiation from objects as small as space duct.
(More information: ISO (Infrared Space Observatory) / Spitzer)
- IUE / EUVE
Studying ultraviolet rays from the stars include the UUE – International Ultraviolet Explorer and EUVE – the Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer.
(Wikipedia: IUE / EUVE)
The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) was one of many space telescopes studying the Sun.
(webiste: SOHO / LIVE Sunspots )
- Chandra / XMM
X-rays can only picked up by certain space telescopes such as Chandra and XMM (X-Ray Multi-Mirror Mission).
(website: NASA – Chandra / ESA – XMM)
Gamma rays can only be detected by particular space telescopes such as the Compton Ray Observatory (CGRO).
New Space Telescope
The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), previously known as Next Generation Space Telescope (NGST), is a space observatory under construction and scheduled to launch in October 2018 – observing some of the most distant objects in the Universe. (wikipedia: JWST)
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