English Name: The Air Pump
Hemisphere: Southern Hemisphere (Parts visible from the UK.)
Location: Between the constellations of Hydra and Vela.
Visible between latitudes: +45 and -90 degrees
Best season: Spring
Seen in three season: Winter, Spring and Summer
Best seen in: March/April
Seen between: February and April
Right Ascension (RA): 10 hour
Declination (DEC): -35 degrees
Area (square degrees): 239 (62nd)
Antlia (The Air Pump)
- A small southern constellation representing an air pump, added to the sky by the French astronomer; Abbe Nicolas de Lacaille.
- He had the great honor of naming 15 of the 88 constellations in the sky.
- He spent four years (1750-1754) studying the stars of the southern hemisphere from the Cape of Good Hope – the southernmost part of Africa. (259 years later today in 2013; a single deaf sailor – Gerry Hughes, had sailed passed there from Troon, Scotland to around the world!)
- In his years there, he was said to have observed over 10,000 stars using just his 1/2-inch refractor telescope.
- Lacaille named the following southern constellations; Antlia, Caelum, Circinus, Fornax, Horlogium, Mensa, Microscopium, Norma, Octans, Pictor, Pyxis, Reticulum, Sculptor and Telescopium.
- He also renamed the constellation of Musca.
Messier Objects in Antlia
- No Messier objects in Antlia.
Other objects in Antlia
- 48x objects: New General Catalogue (NGC)
- 36x objects: Index Catalogue (IC)
- No objects: Collinder Catalog (Cr)
Features of interest
- It has no star brighter than magnitude +4.3.
- The brightest star is Alpha Antliae (Mag: +4.3).
Brightest objects in Antlia
- Photo of the constellation – Antlia, as it appears to the naked-eye (Lines have been added for clarity.)
- Sky Chart – Antlia
- List of stars in Antlia
Back to The 88 Constellations Lists page.